How Rifle Scope Works

If you’re not acquainted with rifle scopes, you can get a little intimidated by the numerous scopes available on the market. They come in plenty of varieties.

The kind of scope you’ll need depends much on the type of shooting you need to do. For instance, a target shooter and a deer hunter will need distinct kinds of scopes.

To make matters even more complex when buying it, for no two rifles are the same. When you think about two rifles made by the same producers that are one serial number apart, you’ll see that each has its quirks and distinct qualities.

As such, you can’t mount the same kind of scope to two distinct rifles the same way and expect coordinating results – you must change your scope’s settings.

We’re going to unravel the puzzle of the rifle scope. We’ll figure out how scopes can help you hit what you’re going for however you must do a little work on your own. Let’s start in the following section by investigating the parts of a rifle scope.



Lenses are essential parts of the riflescopes. The target lens is the larger lens. The objective lens is at the end of the scope most distant from the rifle’s stock. Its aim is to transmit light back to the ocular lens, which is the lens nearest to your naked eye.

The part of the scope that makes room the target lens is the objective bell, while the segment containing the ocular lens is the eyepiece. Most rifle scope lenses are fog-proof and waterproof.

How It Works:

picture anatomy

The function of a rifle scope is like a telescope. Light going through the target lens concentrates on a point inside the scope.

The role of the ocular lens is to magnify the light from the focal point. As you look through a scope, the picture you see is of that light. Every Riflescope also has a reticle which is known as a crosshair.

The reason for these markers is to show the shooter accurately where the shot will go once the hunters pull the trigger. In fact, the crosshair marker implies the shooter exactly where their shot will land once he pulls the trigger.


Several scopes have multiple settings that let the operator view targets at different magnifications. For instance, a scope may allow you to see targets from 3x to 9x your normal vision.

That indicates if you set your scope to 3x magnification, any object you see through the scope will seem three times larger than you would with the naked eye. These scopes include an element called a power ring. If you turn the power ring, it can modify the magnification setting on the scope.


Most producers set their rifle scopes with the goal that they ‘re focused on 100 yards (91.4 meters). That implies when aiming at an article 100 yards away, the objective should be clear.

But exchanging magnification settings can present parallax error. With rifle scopes, parallax error is the point at which the point on a scope changes if the shooter changes eye position. The rifle can remain still if you shift your position it will make it look like your aim is off.

Parallax error turns into an issue at high magnifications – most hunters won’t ever need to stress over it. A few producers build rifle scopes with variable target lenses that can amend for parallax error.

​Windage and Elevation:

Especially riflescopes have multiple controls that let you adjust the scope so that it aligns accurately with your rifle. The two controls that influence a scope’s sight are the windage adjustment and the elevation adjustment.

The windage adjustment alters the basic horizontal settings on a scope whereas the elevation adjustment also modifies the vertical settings or configuration.


The main body of the scope is called the tube. There are two prime diameters across sizes of tubes for almost all the rifle scopes: (30-millimeter or 1-inch ). It is important to know the diameter of your scope’s tube so that you can use the right mounting rings when you add the scope to your rifle.


Some scopes have specially coated lenses. Coated lenses have a slim and thin layer made of synthetic material that lessens glare. That indicates the lens reflects less light, rather allow more light to pass to your eye.

​How To Adjust Rifle Scopes

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